The Complete 2004 Laws of Nigeria

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NIGERIAN INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC RELATIONS PRACTITIONERS ACT

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

PART I

          Establishment, etc., of the Nigerian Institute of Public Relations Practitioners

SECTION                                                                                      

  1. Establishment of Nigerian Institute of Public Relations  Practitioners.
  2. Categories of membership of the Institute.
  3. Election of President and Vice-President of the Institute.
  4. Council of the Institute.
  5. Power of the Council.

PART II

Financial provisions

  1. Fund of the Institute.
  2. Accounts, etc.

PART III

The Registrar and the register

  1. Appointment of Registrar, etc., and preparation of the register.
  2. Publication of register and lists of corrections.

PART IV

Registration 
10.   Registration of public relations practitioners.

11.Approval of qualifications, etc.

12.  Supervision of instructions, etc., and examinations leading to approved      qualifications.

PART V

Professional discipline

  1. Establishment of Disciplinary Tribunal and Investigating Panel.
  2. Penalties for unprofessional conduct, etc.

PART VI

Miscellaneous and general

  1. Application of this Act to unenrolled persons.
  2. When a person is deemed to practise as public relations practitioner.
  3. Rules as to practice, etc.

SECTION

  1. Provisions of library facilities, etc.
  2. Offences.
  3. Regulations and rules.
  4. Dissolution of the Association and transfer of certain property, etc.
  5. Interpretation.
  6. Short title.

SCHEDULES

FIRST SCHEDULE

Supplementary provisions relating to the Council

SECOND SCHEDULE

Supplementary provisions relating to the Disciplinary Tribunal
                                 and Investigation Panel

THIRD SCHEDULE

Transitional provisions as to property, etc.

FOURTH SCHEDULE

Accepted minimum qualification for the purpose of registration on the
                             register established under this Act 

NIGERIAN INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC RELATIONS PRACTITIONERS ACT

An Act to establish the Nigerian Institute of Public Relations Practitioners and to
make provisions, amongst other things, for membership and the control of the
profession of public relations and for matters connected therewith.

[1990 No. 16.]

[1st June, 1990]

[Commencement.]

PART I

Establishment, etc., of the Nigerian Institute of Public Relations Practitioners

  1. Establishment of the Nigerian Institute of Public Relations Practitioners, etc.

(1) There is hereby established, a body to be known as the Nigerian Institute of Public Relations
Practitioners (in this Act referred to as "the Institute"), which shall be a
body corporate under that name and be charged with the general duty of--

      (a)         determining what standards of knowledge and skill are to be attained by persons
seeking to become registered members of the public relations profession and re- viewing those standards, from time to time, as circumstances may permit;

      (b)            securing, in accordance with the provisions of this Act, the establishment and maintenance of a register of fellows, members and associates of the profession and of public relations practitioners and the publication, from time to time, of lists of those persons; and

     (c)            performing, through the Council established under section 4 of this Act, the functions conferred on it by this Act.

(2) The Institute shall have perpetual succession and a common seal which shall be
kept in such custody as the Council may, from time to time, authorise.

(3) The Institute may sue and be sued in its corporate name and may, subject to the
Land Use Act, hold, acquire and dispose of any property, movable or immovable.

[Cap. L5.]

  1. Categories of membership of the Institute

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, members admitted to membership of the Institute shall-

      (a)       be enrolled as public relations practitioners in the category of-

                   (i)  fellows;

(ii)  members; or

(iii) associates;

       (b)       be registered as public relations practitioners, and shall have status as registered in the Institute accordingly.

(2) Persons registered under this Act as public relations practitioners shall be entitled
to be enrolled-

       (a)              as fellows, if they satisfy the Council that for the period of ten years immediately 
preceding the date of application in that behalf, they have been fit persons and have, in addition 
to being the holders of approved academic qualifications, been in continuous active practice on their own account as 
public relations practitioners or in partnership with other public relations practitioners;

       (b)              as members, if for the period of not less than ten years immediately preceding
the date of application in that behalf (the period of membership of the Association of Public Relations, 
in the discretion of the Council counting in that behalf), they have been enrolled as associates and are otherwise fit persons;
and

      (c)              as associates, if they satisfy the Council that they have passed examinations
prescribed or accepted by the Institute and are otherwise fit and proper persons
to be enrolled in the register.

(3) Persons enrolled in the Institute shall be the holders of qualifications acceptable
to the Institute, but not less than those prescribed in the Fourth Schedule to this Act.
                                                      [Fourth Schedule.]

 (4) Where a person is enrolled or registered, as the case may be, in the Institute, he
shall be entitled to the use of such letters after his name as may be authorised by the
Council, that is to say, as a fellow, a member or an associate or as a registered public relations practitioner and
shall, when enrolled or registered, as the case may be, receive a
certificate in such form, as the Council may approve for that purpose.

(5) The Institute may enrol-

       (a)       graduates;

       (b)       affiliates;

       (c)        students,

for the purpose of being registered as public relations practitioners in accordance with the
provisions of the Act.

3. Election of President and Vice-President of the Institute

(1) There shall be a president and a vice-president of the Institute who, subject to the
provisions of section 21 of this Act and the Third Schedule hereto, shall be elected by the
Council under this Act.

[Third Schedule.]

(2) The president and vice-president shall each hold office for a term of two years
from the date of his election, and the president shall be the chairman at meetings of the
Institute, so however, that in the event of the death, incapacity or inability for any reason
of the president, the vice-president shall act as president for the un-expired portion of the
term of office and as chairman, as the case may be, and references in this Act to the
president shall be construed accordingly.

(3) The president and vice-president shall respectively be chairman and vice-
chairman of the Council of the Institute under this Act.

(4) If the president or the vice-president ceases to be a member of the Institute he
shall cease to hold any of the offices designated under this section.

4. Council of the Institute 

(l) There shall be, as the governing body of the Institute, a Council which shall be
charged with the administration and general management of the Institute.

(2) The Council shall consist of the president and vice-president as chairman and
vice-chairman respectively, and a total of twenty other persons being fellows, members
or associate members of the Institute, that is-

      (a)       five persons appointed by the Minister, all of whom shall be persons engaged
in the practice of public relations in Nigeria; and

      (b)       fifteen persons elected by the Institute annually, of whom not more than eight
shall be persons in active practice as public relations practitioners.

 (3) The provisions of the First Schedule to this Act, shall have effect with respect to
the qualifications and tenure of office of members of the Council and other matters
therein mentioned.

[First Schedule.]

5. Power of the Council 

The Council shall have power to do anything which in its opinion is calculated to facilitate the carrying on of the activities of the Institute under this Act.

PART II

Financial provisions

6. Fund of the Institute 

(1) The Council shall establish and maintain a fund which shall be managed and
controlled by the Council and into which shall be paid all monies received by the Council.

(2) Monies received by the Council by way of subscriptions, fees, grants-in-aid, gift
or any other money received by the Institute shall be paid into the fund established by
subsection (1) of this section.

(3) There shall be paid out of the fund all expenses incurred by or on behalf of the Institute under this Act.

(4) The Council may invest monies in the fund in any security created or issued by or
on behalf of the Federal Government or in any other securities in Nigeria approved by the
Council.

(5) The Council may, from time to time, borrow money for the purposes of the Institute and any interest payable on monies so borrowed shall be paid out of the fund.

7. Accounts, etc. 

(1) The Council shall keep proper accounts on behalf of the Institute in respect of
each year and proper records in relation to those accounts; and the Council shall cause the
accounts to be audited by an auditor and, when audited, the accounts shall be submitted
to the members of the Institute for approval by them at the meeting of the Institute.

(2) An auditor appointed for the purposes of this section shall be from the list and in
accordance with the guidelines supplied by the Auditor-General.

PART III

The Registrar and the register

  1. Appointment of Registrar, etc., and preparation of the register

(1) The Council shall appoint a fit and proper person, to be the Registrar for the purposes of this Act.

 (2) The Council may appoint such other persons to assist the Registrar in the performance of the functions of the Institute under this Act, as and when it deems necessary to make such applications.

 (3) It shall be the duty of the Registrar to prepare and maintain, in accordance with
rules made by the Council, a register of the names, addresses, approved qualifications,
and of such other qualifications and particulars, as may be specified in the rules, of all
persons who are entitled in accordance with the provisions of this Act to be enrolled as
fellows, members or associates or registered as public relations practitioners and who, in
the manner prescribed by such rules, apply to be so registered.

 (4) The register shall consist of four parts of which-
 (a )       the first part shall be in respect of fellows;
 ( b)       the second part shall be in respect of members;
 ( c )       the third part shall be in respect of associates; and
 (d )       the fourth part shall be in respect of public relations practitioners.

(5) Subject to the foregoing provisions of this section of this Act, the Council shall
make rules with respect to the form and keeping of the register and the making of entries
therein, and in particular-

      (a)               regulating the making of applications for enrolment or registration, as the case
                         may be, and providing for the evidence to be produced in support of such applications;

      (b)              providing for the notification to the Registrar, by the person to whom any registered 
                        particulars relates, of any change in those particulars;

       (c)              authorising an enrolled or registered person to have any qualification which is
in relation to the relevant division of the profession, whether an approved
qualification or accepted qualification for the purposes of this Act, entered in
relation to his name in addition to or, as he may elect, in substitution for any
other qualifications so registered;

                            (d)              specifying the fees, including any annual subscription, to be paid to the Institute, in respect of the entry of names on the register, and 
                                               authorising the Registrar to refuse to enter a name on the register until any fee specified for the entry has been paid;

       (e)              specifying anything falling to be specified under the foregoing provisions of
this section, but rules made for the purposes of paragraph (d) of this subsection
shall not come into force until they are confirmed at a meeting of the Institute.

(6) It shall be the duty of the Registrar to-

       (a)              correct, in accordance with the Council's directions, any entry in the register
which the Council directs him to correct, as being in the Council's opinion an entry which was incorrectly made;
      (b)             make, from time to time, any necessary alteration to the registered particulars of registered persons;

      (c)               remove from the register the name of any registered person who has died; and

      (d)              record the names of members of the Institute who are in default, for more than
four months in the payment of annual subscriptions, and take such action in
relation thereto (including removal of the names of defaulters from the register), as the Council may direct or require.

(7) If the Registrar-

      (a)              sends by post to any registered or enrolled person a registered letter addressed
to him at his address on the register, enquiring whether the registered particulars relating to him are correct and receives no reply to the letter within a period of six months from the date of posting it; and

      (b)              upon the expiration of that period, sends in like manner to the person in question, a second similar letter and receives no reply to that letter within three months, from the date of posting it,the Registrar may remove the particulars relating to the person in question from the register:Provided that the Council may direct the Registrar to restore to the appropriate part
of the register, any particular removed therefrom under this subsection.

  1. Publication of register and list of corrections 
    (1) It shall be the duty of the Registrar-

       (a)              to cause the register to be printed, published and put on sale to members of the
public, not later than two years from the commencement of this Act; and

      (b)              in each year after that in which the register is first published under paragraph

(a) of this subsection, to cause to be printed, published and put on sale as
aforesaid, either a corrected edition of the register or a list of corrections made
to the register, since it was last printed; and
  (c)               to cause a print of each edition of the register and of each list of corrections to
be deposited at the principal offices of the Institute.

(2) It shall be the duty of the Council to keep the register and lists so deposited, to be
made available to members of the public at all reasonable times for inspection.

(3) A document purporting to be a print of an edition of a register published under
this section by authority of the Registrar, or documents purporting to be prints of an edition
of a register so published and of the list of corrections to that edition so published,
shall (without prejudice to any other mode of proof) be admissible in any proceedings as
evidence that any person specified in the document, or the documents read together, as
being registered or enrolled was so enrolled or registered at the date of the edition or of
the list of corrections, as the case may be, and that any person not so specified, was not so
enrolled or registered.

(4) Where in accordance with subsection (3) of this section, a person is in any proceeding shown to have been or not to have been registered or enrolled at a particular date,he shall, unless the contrary is proved, be taken for the purposes of those proceedings, as
having at all material times thereafter continued to be, or not to be so enrolled or registered.

 

PART IV

Registration

10. Registration of public relations practitioners

(1) Subject to section 11 of this Act and to rules made under section 8 of this Act, a
person shall be entitled to be registered as a public relations practitioner if--

      (a)        he passes the qualifying examination accepted by the Institute under this Act
and completes the practical training prescribed; or

       (b)       he holds a qualification granted outside Nigeria and for the time being accepted by the Institute 
and is by law entitled to practise for all purposes as a
public relations practitioner in the country in which the qualification was
granted and, if the Council so requires, he satisfies the Council that he has had
sufficient experience as a public relations practitioner; or

       (c)        he holds at least one of the qualifications prescribed in the Fourth Schedule to
this Act, for the purpose of registration on the register and has complied with
the other requirements prescribed under subsection (4) of section 8 of this Act.

[Fourth Schedule.]

(2) Subject to section 11 of this Act and to rules made under section 8 of this Act a
person shall also be entitled to be registered as a public relations practitioner, if he satisfies 
the Council that immediately before the commencement of this Act, he had not less
than five years experience as a public relations executive of a company registered under
the Companies and Allied Matters Act.

[Cap. C20.]

(3) An applicant for registration, shall in addition to evidence of qualification, satisfy
the Council that he-

       (a)       is of good character;

       (b)       has attained the age of twenty-one years; and

       (c)      he has not been convicted in Nigeria or elsewhere of an offence involving fraud or dishonesty.

(4) The Council may, in its sole discretion provisionally, accept a qualification pro-
duced in respect of an application for registration under this section or direct that the ap-
plication be renewed within such period as may be specified in the direction.

(5) Any entry directed to be made in the register, under subsection (4) of this section,
shall show that the registration is provisional and no entry so made, shall be converted to
full registration without the consent of the Council signified in writing, in that behalf.

(6) Subject to the Fourth Schedule of this Act, the Council shall, from time to time,
publish in the Federal Gazette, particulars of other qualifications accepted by the Council
for registration as a public relations practitioner under this section.

[Fourth Schedule.]

11. Approval of qualifications, etc.

(1) The Council may approve any institution for the purposes of this Act and may for
those purposes approve-

       (a)              any course of training at any approved institution which is intended for persons
seeking to become or are already public relations practitioners and which the
Council considers is designed to confer on persons completing it sufficient
knowledge and skill for admission to the Institute;

       (b)              any qualification which, as a result of an examination taken in conjunction
with a course of training approved by the Council under this section, is granted
to candidates reaching a standard at the examination indicating in the opinion
of the Council, that the candidates have sufficient knowledge and skill to prac-
tise public relations.

(2) The Council may, if it thinks fit, withdraw any approval given under this section
of this Act in respect of any course, qualification or institution; but before withdrawing
such an approval, the Council shall-

      (a)       give notice that it proposes to do so to persons in Nigeria appearing to the
Council to be persons by whom the course is conducted or the qualification is
granted or the institution is controlled, as the case may be;

      (b)      afford each such person an opportunity of making to the Council representations with regard to the proposal; and

       (c)       take into consideration any representations made as respects the proposal, in
pursuance of paragraph (b) of this subsection.

(3) A course, qualification or institution shall not be treated as approved during any
period the approval is withdrawn under subsection (2) of this section.

(4) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (3) of this section, the withdrawal
of an approval under subsection (2) of this section shall not prejudice the registration or
eligibility for registration of any person who by virtue of the approval was registered or
was eligible for registration (either unconditionally or subject to his obtaining a certificate
of experience), immediately before the approval was withdrawn.

(5) The giving or withdrawal of an approval under this section shall have effect from
such date, either before or after the execution of the instrument signifying the giving or
withdrawal of the approval, as the Council may specify in the instrument and the Council
shall-

       (a)      as soon as may be, publish a copy of every such instrument in the Federal Gazette; and

     (b)       not later than seven days before its publication as aforesaid, send a copy of the
instrument to the Minister.

12. Supervision of instructions, etc., and examinations leading to approved qualifi-
cations

(1) It shall be the duty of the members of the Council to keep themselves informed of
the nature of-
       (a)      the instruction given at approved institutions to persons attending approved
courses of training; and

       (b)       the examinations as a result of which approved qualifications are granted,

and for the purposes of performing that duty the Council may appoint, either from among
its own members or otherwise, persons to visit approved institutions or to attend such examinations.

(2) It shall be the duty of a person appointed under subsection (1) of this section to
report to the Council on-

              (a)      the adequacy of the instructions given to persons attending approved courses
of training at institutions visited by him;

       (b)       the adequacy of the examinations attended by him; and

              (c)       any other matters relating to the institutions or examinations on which the
Council may, either generally or in a particular case, request him to report, but no such person shall 
interfere with the giving of any instruction or the holding of any examination.

(3) On receiving a report made in pursuance of this section the Council may, if it
thinks fit, and shall, if so required by the institution, send a copy of the report to the per-
son appearing to the Council to be in charge of the institution or responsible for the ex-
amination to which the report relates, requesting that person to make an observation on
the report to the Council within such period as may be specified in the request not being
less than one month beginning with the date of the request.

PART V

Professional discipline

13. Establishment of Disciplinary Tribunal and Investigating Panel

(1) There shall be a tribunal to be known as the Public Relations Practitioners Disci-
plinary Tribunal (in this Act referred to as "the disciplinary tribunal") which shall be
charged with the duty of considering and determining any case referred to it by the in-
vestigating panel established by subsection (3) of this section and any other case of which
the disciplinary tribunal has cognisance under the following provisions of this Act.

(2) The disciplinary tribunal shall consist of the chairman of the Council and six
other members of the Council, appointed by the Council.

(3) There shall be a body to be known as the Public Relations Practitioners Investi-
gating Panel (in this Act referred to as "the investigating panel") which shall be charged
with the duty of-

      (a)      conducting a preliminary investigation into any case where it is alleged that a
person registered has misbehaved in his capacity as a public relations practitioner or should for
any other reason be the subject of proceedings before the disciplinary tribunal; and

       (b)        deciding whether the case should be referred to the disciplinary tribunal.

 (4) The investigating panel shall be appointed by the Council and shall consist of four
members of the Council and one public relations practitioner who is not a member of the Council.

(5) The provisions of the Second Schedule to this Act shall, so far as applicable to the
disciplinary tribunal and investigating panel respectively, have effect with respect of
those bodies.

[Second Schedule.]

(6) The Council may make rules not inconsistent with this Act as to acts which constitute professional misconduct.

14. Penalties for unprofessional conduct, etc. 

(1) Where-

       (a)              a person is judged by the disciplinary tribunal to be guilty of infamous conduct
in any professional respect; or

      (b)              a person is convicted by any court or tribunal in Nigeria or elsewhere having
power to award imprisonment of an offence (whether or not punishable with
imprisonment) which in the opinion of the disciplinary tribunal is incompatible
with the status of a public relations practitioner; or

      (c)               the disciplinary tribunal is satisfied that the name of any person has been
fraudulently enrolled or registered,the disciplinary tribunal may, if it thinks fit, give a direction, reprimanding that person or
ordering the Registrar to strike his name off the relevant part of the register.

(2) The disciplinary tribunal may, if it thinks fit, defer its decision as to the giving of
a direction under subsection (1) of this section, until a subsequent meeting of the discipli-
nary tribunal; but-

       (a)              no decision shall be deferred under this subsection for periods exceeding two years in the aggregate; and

                              (b)               no person shall be a member of the disciplinary tribunal for the purposes of
                                                  reaching a decision which has been deferred or further deferred, unless he was
                                                 present as a member of the disciplinary tribunal when the decision was deferred.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (1) (b) of this section, a person shall not be treated
as convicted as therein mentioned, unless the conviction stands at a time, when no appeal
or further appeal is pending or may (without extension of time) be brought in connection
with the conviction.

(4) When the disciplinary tribunal gives a direction under subsection (1) of this section, the disciplinary tribunal 
shall cause notice of the direction to be served on the person to whom it relates.

(5) The person to whom a direction relates may, at any time within twenty-eight days
from the date of service on him of notice of the direction, appeal against the direction to
the Court of Appeal and the disciplinary tribunal may appear as respondent to the appeal
and, for the purpose of enabling directions to be given as to the costs of the appeal and of proceeding
  before the Court of Appeal, the disciplinary tribunal shall be deemed to be a
party thereto, whether or not it appears on the hearing of the appeal.

(6) A direction of the disciplinary tribunal under subsection (1) of this section, shall
take effect where

      (a)              no appeal under this section is brought against the direction, within the time
limited for the appeal, on the expiration of that time;

      (b)              such an appeal is brought and is withdrawn or struck out for want of prosecution,
on the withdrawal or striking out of the appeal;

      (c)               any such an appeal is brought and is not withdrawn or struck out as aforesaid,
if and when the appeal is dismissed.

(7) A person whose name is struck off the register in pursuance of a direction of the
disciplinary tribunal under this section of this Act, shall not be entitled to be registered
again, except in pursuance of a direction in that behalf; and a direction under this section
for the striking off of a person's name from the register, may prohibit an application under 
this subsection by that person, until the expiration of such period, from the date of the
direction (and where he has duly made such an application, from the date of his last application),
as may be specified in the direction.

PART VI

Miscellaneous and general

15. Application of this Act to unenrolled persons

Any person who is not a member of the Association of Public Relations (in this Act
referred to as "the Association") who, but for this Act, would have been qualified to apply 
for and obtain membership of the former Institute may, within the period of three
months beginning from the day this Act comes into force, apply for membership of the
Institute, in such manner as may be prescribed by rules made by the Council; and if approved,
he shall be enrolled or registered, as the case may be, according to his qualification.

16. When a person is deemed to practise as a public relations practitioner

A person shall be deemed to practise as a public relations practitioner if, in consideration
of remuneration received or to be received and whether by himself or in partnership
with any other person, he-

      (a)       engages himself in the practice of public relations or holds himself out to the
public as a public relations practitioner; or

     (b)      renders professional service or assistance, in or about matters of public relations;

                      (c)        renders any other service which may, by regulations, be made by the Council.

17. Rules as to practice, etc.

(1) The Council may make rules for-

       (a)              the training in public relations of suitable persons in public relations methods
and practice; and

    (b)              the supervision and regulation of the engagement, training and transfer of such
persons.

(2) The Council may also make rules-

       (a)              prescribing the amount and date due for payment of the annual subscription
and for such purpose, different amounts may be prescribed by the rules, ac-
cording to whether the person is enrolled as a fellow, a member or an associate
or is a registered public relations practitioner;

       (b)              prescribing the form of licence to practice to be issued annually or, if the
Council thinks fit, by endorsement on an existing licence; and

      (c)               restricting the right to practise as a public relations practitioner in default of
payment of the amount of the annual subscription, where the default continues
for longer than such period, as may be prescribed by the rules.

(3) Rules when made under this section of this Act, shall be published in the Federal
Gazette, after such rules have been confirmed by the Institute, in accordance with the
provisions of subsection (2) of section 20 of this Act.

18. Provisions of library facilities, etc.

The Institute shall-

       (a)      provide and maintain a library comprising books and publications for the 
advancement of knowledge of public relations, and such other books and publications,
as the Council may think necessary for the purpose;

       (b)      encourage research into public relations and public relations methods and al-
lied subjects, to the extent that the Council may, from time to time, consider
necessary.

19. Offences

(1) If any person, for the purpose of procuring the registration of any name, qualification or other matter-

       (a)       recklessly makes a statement which is false in a material particular; or

       (b)       makes a statement which he knows to be false in a material particular;he is guilty of an offence.

(2) If, on or after the relevant date, any person who is not a member of the Institute,
practises or holds himself out to practise as a public relations practitioner for or in ex-
pectation of reward or takes or uses any name, title, addition or description, implying that
he is in practice as a public relations practitioner, he is guilty of an offence; provided that,
in the case of a person falling within section 15 of this Act-

               (a)      this subsection shall not apply in respect of anything done by him during the
period of three months, mentioned in that section; and

      (b)       if  within that period he duly applies for membership of the Institute then, un-
less within that period he is notified that his application has not been approved,
this subsection shall not apply in respect of anything done by him, between the
end of that period and the date on which he is enrolled or registered or is notified as aforesaid.

(3) If the Registrar or any other person employed by or on behalf of the Institute, wilfully
makes any falsification in any matter relating to the register, he is guilty of an offence.

(4) A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable-

       (a)       on summary conviction, to a fine of an amount not exceeding N100;

              (b)      on conviction on indictment, to a fine of an amount not exceeding N1,000 or
to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both such fine and
imprisonment.

(5) Where an offence under this section which has been committed by a body corpo-
rate is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any 
neglect on the part of any director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate or
any person purporting to act in any such capacity, he, as well
as the body corporate, shall be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to
be prosecuted and punished accordingly.

(6) In this section, "the relevant date" means the third anniversary of the coming
into force of this Act or such earlier date as may be prescribed for the purposes of this
section, by order of the Minister published in the Federal Gazette.

20. Regulations and rules

(1) Any regulation made under this Act shall be published in the Federal Gazette as
soon as may be, after they are made and a copy of any such regulations shall be sent to
the Minister, not later than seven days before they are so published.

(2) Rules made for the purposes of this Act shall be subject to confirmation by the Institute
at its meeting, and if then annulled, shall cease to have effect on the day after the
date of annulment, but without prejudice to anything done in pursuance or intended pursuance of any such rules.

21. Dissolution of the Association and transfer of certain property, etc. 

(1) The Association of  Public Relations is hereby dissolved and all the property held
by or on behalf of the Association shall, by virtue of this section and without further assurance,
vest in the Institute and be held by it, for the purposes of the Institute.

(2) The provisions of the Third Schedule to this Act shall have effect with respect to
matters arising from the transfer by this section to the Institute of the property of the Association
and with respect to the other matters mentioned in that Schedule.

[Third Schedule.]

22. Interpretation 

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-

"Association" means the Association of Public Relations incorporated under the
Companies and Allied Matters Act;

[Cap. C20.]

"Council" means the Council established as the governing body of the Institute under
section 4 of this Act;

"disciplinary tribunal" means the Nigerian Institute of Public Relations Practitioners
Disciplinary Tribunal established under section 13 of this Act;

"enrolled" in relation to a fellow, member or an associate, means registered in the
part of the register relating to fellows, members or associates, as the case may be;

"fees" include annual subscription;

"Institute" means the Nigerian Institute of Public Relations Practitioners, established
under section 1 of this Act;

"investigating panel" means the Public Relations Practitioners Investigating Panel,
established under section 13 of this Act;

"member of the Institute" means an enrolled fellow, member or associate, or a registered public relations practitioner of the Institute and "membership of the Institute"shall be construed accordingly;

"Minister" means the Minister charged with the responsibility for matters relating to information;

"president" and "vice-president" means respectively the office-holders under those
names in the Institute;

"profession" means the profession of public relations;

"register" means the register maintained in pursuance of section 8 of this Act;

"registered public relations practitioner" means a member of the Institute who is
not a fellow, member or an associate.

23. Short title

This Act may be cited as the Nigerian Institute of Public Relations Practitioners Act.
 

SCHEDULES

             FIRST SCHEDULE
                [Section 4 (3).]

Supplementary provisions relating to the Council

Qualifications and tenure of office of members of the Council

1. (1) Subject to the provisions of this paragraph, a member of the Council shall hold office
for a period of two years beginning with the date of his appointment or election.

(2) Any member of the Institute who ceases to be a member thereof shall, if he is also a
member of the Council, cease to hold office on the Council.

(3) Any elected member of the Council may, by notice in writing under his hand ad-
dressed to the president, resign his office, and any appointed member may, with the consent of
the Minister, in the same manner resign his office.

(4) A person who retires from or otherwise ceases to be an elected member of the Council, shall be eligible
again to become a member of the Council, and any appointed member may be re-appointed.

(5) Members of the Council shall at its next meeting in April of each year, arrange for
five elected members of the Council, who are longest in office to retire at that meeting.

(6) Elections to the Council shall be held in such manner as may be prescribed by rules
made by the Council and until so prescribed, they shall be decided by a show of hands.

(7) If for any reason the office of a member of the Council is vacant and-

                (a)   such member was appointed by the Minister, the Minister shall appoint another

fit and proper person from the area in respect of which the vacancy occurs; or

                (b)   such member was elected, the Council may, if the time between the unexpired
portion of the term of office and the next meeting of the Institute appears to
warrant the filling of the vacancy, co-opt some fit and proper person for the
remaining period of the member concerned.

Proceedings of the Council 

2. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Council may, in the name of the Institute,
make standing orders regulating the proceedings of the Institute or of the Council and in the
exercise of its powers under this Act, may set up committees in the general interest of the Institute
and make standing orders therefor.

(2) Standing orders shall provide for decisions to be taken by a majority of the members
and, in the event of equality of votes, the president or the chairman, as the case may be, shall
have a second or casting vote.

(3) Standing orders made for a committee, shall provide for the committee to report
back to the Council on any matter not within its competence to decide.

(4) The quorum of the Council shall be seven and the quorum of a committee of the
Council shall be fixed by the Council.

Meeting of the Institute

4. (1) The Council shall convene the meeting of the Institute on 30 April in every year or on
such other day as the Council may, from time to time, appoint, so however, that if the meeting
is not held within one year after the previous meeting, not more than fifteen months shall
elapse between the respective dates of the two meetings.

 (2) A special meeting of the Institute may be convened by the Council at any time and if
not less than twenty members of the Institute so require, by notice in writing addressed to the
chairman of the Council, setting out the object of the proposed meeting, and the chairman of
the Council shall convene a special meeting of the Institute.

(3) The quorum of any meeting of the Institute shall be ten members and that of any
special meeting of the Institute shall be fifteen members.

Meeting of the Council

5. (1) Subject to the provisions of any standing orders of the Council, the Council shall meet
whenever it is summoned by the chairman and if the chairman is required to do so, by notice
in writing given to him by not less than five other members, he shall summon a meeting of the
Council to be held within fourteen days, from the date on which the notice is given.

(2) At any meeting of the Council, the chairman or in his absence, the vice-chairman
shall preside; but if both are absent, the members present at the meeting shall appoint one of
their number to preside at the meeting.

(3) Where the Council desires to obtain the advice of any person on a particular matter,
the Council may co-opt him as a member for such period as the Council thinks fit; but a per-
son who is a member by virtue of this sub-paragraph, shall not be entitled to vote at any
meeting of the Council and shall not count towards a quorum.

(4) Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing provisions of this paragraph, the first
meeting of the Council shall be summoned by the Minister, who may give such directives, as
he thinks fit to the procedure which shall be followed at the meeting.

Committees

6. (1) The Council may appoint one or more committees to carry out on behalf of the Institute 
or of the Council such functions as the Council may determine.

(2) A committee appointed under this paragraph shall consist of the number of persons

determined by the Council, of whom not more than one-third may be persons who are not
members of the Council and a person other than a member of the Council, shall hold office on
the committee, in accordance with the terms of the letter by which he was appointed.

(3) A decision of a committee of the Council shall be of no effect, until it is confirmed
by the Council.

Miscellaneous

7. (1) The fixing of the seal of the Institute shall be authenticated by the signature of the
chairman or of some other members of the Council, authorised generally or specially by the
Institute to act for that purpose.

(2) Any contract or instrument which, if made or executed by a person not being a body
corporate, would not be required to be under seal, may be made or executed on behalf of the
Institute or of the Council, as the case may require, by any person generally or specially
authorised to act for that purpose by the Council.

(3) Any document purporting to be a document duly executed under the seal of the Institute,
shall be received in evidence and shall, unless the contrary is proved, be deemed to be
so executed.

8. The validity of any proceedings of the Institute or the Council or of a committee of the
Council shall not be adversely affected by any vacancy in membership or by any defect in the
appointment of a member of the Institute or of the Council or of a person to serve on the
committee or by reason that a person not entitled to do so took part in the proceedings.

9. Any member of the Institute or of the Council and any person holding office on a committee
of the Council, who has a personal interest in any contract or arrangement entered into
or proposed to be considered by the Council, on behalf of the Institute or on behalf of the
Council thereof, shall forthwith disclose his interest to the President or to the Council, as the
case may be, and shall not vote on any question relating to the contract or arrangement.

10. A person shall not by reason only of his membership of the Institute, be treated as holding an office in the public service of the Federation.

SECOND  SCHEDULE  

             [Section 13 (5).]

Supplementary provisions relating to the Disciplinary Tribunal
                              and Investigating Panel

The Disciplinary Tribunal

1. The quorum of the Disciplinary Tribunal shall be four, of whom at least two shall be registered public relations practitioners.

2. (1) The Attorney-General of the Federation may make rules as to the selection of members
of the Disciplinary Tribunal, for the purpose of any proceeding, and as to the procedure
to be followed and the rules of evidence to be observed in proceedings before the disciplinary
tribunal.

(2) The rules shall in particular provide-

                                  (a)   for ensuring that notice of the proceedings shall be given at such time and in
such manner, as may be specified by the rule to the person who is the subject of
the proceedings;

                                  (b)   for determining who, in addition to the person aforesaid, shall be a party to the
proceedings;

                (c)   for ensuring that any party to the proceedings shall, if he so requires, be entitled to be heard by the disciplinary tribunal;

                                  (d)   for ensuring that any party to the proceedings may be represented by a legal
practitioner;

                                  (e)   subject to the provisions of section 14 (5) of this Act, as to the costs of proceedings before the disciplinary tribunal;

                (f)    for requiring, in a case where it is alleged that the person who is the subject of
the proceedings is guilty of infamous conduct in any professional respect, that
where the disciplinary tribunal adjudges that the allegation has not been
proved, it shall record a finding that the person is not guilty of such conduct in
respect of the matters to which the allegation relates;

                                  (g)   for publishing in the Federal Gazette, notice of any direction of the disciplinary
tribunal which has taken effect providing that a person's name shall be struck
off a register.

3. For the purposes of any proceedings before the disciplinary tribunal, any member of the
disciplinary tribunal may administer oaths and any party to the proceedings may issue out of
the registry of the High Court writs of subpoena ad testificandum and duces tecum; but no
person appearing before the disciplinary tribunal shall be compelled to-
  
               (a)    make any statement before the disciplinary tribunal tending to incriminate him-self; or

(b)    produce any document under such a writ which he could not be compelled to

produce at the trial of an action.

4. (1) For the purpose of advising the disciplinary tribunal on questions of law arising in
proceedings before it, there shall in all such proceedings, be an assessor to the disciplinary
tribunal who shall be appointed by the Council, on the nomination of the Attorney-General of
the Federation and shall be a legal practitioner of not less than seven years standing.

(2) The Attorney-General of the Federation shall make rules as to the functions of assessors
appointed under this paragraph and in particular, such rules shall contain provisions for
ensuring that-

                 (a)   where an assessor advises the disciplinary tribunal on any question of law as to
evidence, procedure or any other matters specified by the rules, he shall do so
in the presence of every party or person representing a party to the proceedings,
who appear thereat or, if the advice is tendered while the disciplinary tribunal
is deliberating in private, that every such party or person as aforesaid, shall be
informed what advice the assessor has tendered; and

                (b)   every such party or person as aforesaid shall be informed if in any case the
disciplinary tribunal does not accept the advice of the assessor on such a question as aforesaid.

(3) An assessor may be appointed under this paragraph, either generally or for any particular proceedings
or class of proceedings and shall hold and vacate office in accordance with
the terms of the letter by which he is appointed.

The Investigating Panel

  1. The quorum of the Investigating Panel shall be three.
  2. (1) The Investigating Panel may, at any of its meeting attended by all the members of the
    investigating panel, make standing orders with respect to the investigating panel.

(2) Subject to the provisions of any such standing orders, the Investigating Panel may
regulate its own procedure.

Miscellaneous

7. (1) A person ceasing to be a member of the disciplinary tribunal or the investigating panel
shall be eligible for re-appointment as a member of the disciplinary tribunal or investigating
panel, as the case may be.

(2) A person may, if otherwise eligible, be a member of both the disciplinary tribunal
and the investigating panel; but no person who acted as a member of the investigating panel
with respect to any case, shall act as a member of the disciplinary tribunal with respect to that
case.

8. The disciplinary tribunal or the investigating panel may act notwithstanding any vacancy
in its membership and the proceedings of either body shall not be invalidated by any irregularity
in the appointment of a member of that body or subject to paragraph 7 (2) of this Schedule, by reason of the fact that any person who was not entitled to do so, took part in the proceedings of that body.

9. Any document authorised or required by virtue of this Act to be served on the disciplinary
tribunal or the investigating panel, shall be served on the Registrar.

10. Any expenses of the disciplinary tribunal or the investigating panel, shall be defrayed by
the Institute.

THIRD SCHEDULE
[Sections 3 (1) and 21 (2).]

Transitional provisions as to property, etc.

Transfer of property

1. Without prejudice to the generality of section 21 of this Act, all the assets and liabilities of
the Association shall become assets and liabilities of the Institute.

2. (l) All agreements, contracts, deeds or instruments to which the Association was a party
shall, so far as possible and subject to any necessary modifications, have effect, as if the 
Institute has been a party thereto in place of the Association.

(2) Documents not falling within sub-paragraph (1) of this paragraph including enactments, 
which refer whether specially or generally to the Association, shall be construed, in
accordance with that sub-paragraph, so far as possible.

(3) Any legal proceedings or application to any authority pending on the day this Act
comes into force by or against the Association and relating to property transferred to the Institute
by this Act, may be continued on or after that day by or against the Institute.

Registration of  Transfer

3. If the law in force at the place where any property transferred by this Act is situated, provides
for the registration of transfers of property of the kind in question (whether by reference
to any instrument of transfer or otherwise) the law shall, so far as it provides for alterations of
a register (but not for avoidance of transfers, the payment of fees or any other matter), apply
with the necessary modifications to the transfer of the property aforesaid; and it shall be the
duty of the Institute to furnish the necessary particulars of the transfer to the proper officer of
the registration authority, and for that officer to register the transfer, accordingly.

Transfer of functions, etc. 

4. (1) As soon as may be after the commencement of this Act, the president shall summon a
general meeting of the Institute to elect the Institute's representatives on the Council of the
Institute.

(2) The persons who were members of the Council of the Association immediately be-
fore the commencement of this Act, shall be deemed to be members of the Council of the Institute 
until the date when the Council established by this Act is duly constituted.

(3) Any person who, immediately before the commencement of this Act, held office as
the president or vice-president of the Council of the Association by virtue of the articles of
association of the Association, shall on the day this Act comes into force become the president
or vice-president, as the case may be, of the Institute and shall be deemed to-

                (a)    have been appointed to that office in pursuance of the provision of this Act,
corresponding to the relevant provision in the said articles of association; and

                (b)    have been appointed on the date on which he took office, or last took office, in
pursuance of the relevant provision of those articles.

 (4) The persons who were members of the Association shall, as from the commence-
ment of this Act, be enrolled or registered, as the case may be, as members of the Institute,
and without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of this Schedule relating to the trans-
fer of property, any person who, immediately before the coming into force of this Act was a
member of the staff of the Association shall on that day become the holder of an appointment
with the Institute with the status, designation and functions which correspond as nearly as may
be to those which appertained to him in his capacity, as a member of that staff.

(5) Any person who was an employee of the Council of the Association or otherwise
employed by the Association, shall become the holder of an appointment in the Council or
Institute, as the case may be, with the status, designation and functions which correspond as
nearly as may be, to those which appertained to him as such employee.

(6) All regulations, rules and similar instruments made for the purposes of the Associa-
tion and in force immediately before the coming into force of this Act shall, except in so far as
they are subsequently revoked or amended by any authority having power in that behalf, have
effect, with any necessary modifications, as if duly made for the corresponding purposes of
the Institute.

FOURTH SCHEDULE
[Sections 2 (3) and 10 (1) (c) (6).]

Accepted minimum qualification for the purpose of registration on
                   the register established under this Act

  

Profession 
 

Nigerian Institute of Public Relations Practitioners

 

         Accepted Qualification for Registration 
 

1. The Institute's Professional Certificate and Diploma.

  1. Communication, Advertising and Marketing (CAM) Founda-
    tion Certificate and Diploma in Communications Studies.
  2. British Institute of  Public Relations Membership Diploma.
  3. Business Education Exams Council (BEEC) Professional Cer-
    tificate and Diploma in Public Relations.
  4. Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Higher National Di-
    ploma, Master of Arts, Master of Science or Doctor of Philoso-
    phy in Public Relations; Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Arts
    (Mass Communications); Masters in Business Administration
    with major or specialisation in Public Relations.
  5. Any other qualification as may be approved by the Council.

 

CHAPTER N114

  NIGERIAN INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC RELATIONS PRACTITIONERS ACT

SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION

No Subsidiary Legislation